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Job Access / Reverse Commute Program

The Job Access/Reverse Commute (JA/RC) Program supports the development and maintenance of services designed to transport welfare recipients and eligible low-income individuals to and from jobs and activities related to their employment. The Reverse
Commute component supports transportation to suburban employment opportunities for any economic group.

The JA/RC Program was repealed as part of the passage of the Moving Ahead for Progress for the 21st Century Act (MAP-21).

Funding for transportation projects that support low-income individuals is available for competitive award beginning in 2015 under the Urbanized Area Formula Program.

Please click on the blue bars below for more information.

Goodwill bus funded through prior Job Access/Reverse Commute call for projects
 Statutory Authority

49 U.S.C. Section 5316

JA/RC projects funded from the 2007-2013 Calls for Projects may be ongoing in the region. The standalone program was repealed under MAP-21. Beginning in July 2012, JA/RC type projects became eligible under the Urbanized Area Formula Program.


 Eligible Recipients

The Job Access/Reverse Commute Program is a competitive grant program. There are three (3) categories of eligible recipients:

1. Private non-profit organizations;
2. State or local governmental authorities; and
3. Operators of public transportation services, including private operators of public transportation services.

Applicants may include local government agencies, social service agencies, tribal governments, private and public transit operators, non-profit organizations, and regional transportation planning agencies.

 Eligible Activities

Job Access/Reverse Commute funds may be applied to the capital, planning, and operating expenses that support the development and maintenance of job access and/or reverse commute transportation services.

A Job Access project provides services that transport welfare recipients and low-income individuals – including economically disadvantaged persons with disabilities – to and from employment and employment related activities.

A Reverse Commute project facilitates the provision of transportation services for the general public from urban, suburban, and rural areas to suburban employment.

Eligible projects may include, but are not limited to:

  • Late-night and weekend service;

  • Guaranteed ride home service;

  • Shuttle service;

  • Expanding fixed-route public transit routes;

  • Demand-responsive van service;

  • Ridesharing and carpooling activities;

  • Transit related aspects of bicycling (such as adding bicycle racks to vehicles to support individuals that bicycle a portion of their commute or providing bicycle storage transit stations);

  • Local car loan programs that assist individuals in purchasing and maintaining vehicles for shared rides;

  • Promotion, through marketing efforts, of the:

    use of transit by workers with nontraditional work schedules;

    use of transit vouchers by appropriate agencies for welfare recipients and other low-income individuals

    development of employer-provided transportation such as shuttles, ridesharing, carpooling, or

    use of employer-provided transportation, including the transit pass benefit program under Section 132 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986;

  • Supporting the administration and expenses related to voucher programs;

  • Acquiring Geographical Information System (GIS) tools;

  • Implementing Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS), including customer trip information technology;

  • Integrating automated regional public transit and human service transportation information, scheduling, and dispatch functions;
  • Deploying vehicle position-monitoring systems;

  • Subsidizing the costs associated with adding reverse commute bus service, train, carpool, van routes, or service from urbanized areas to suburban workplaces;

  • Subsidizing the purchase or lease by a nonprofit organization or public agency of a van or bus dedicated to shuttling employees from their residences to suburban workplaces;

  • Otherwise facilitating the provision of public transportation services to suburban employment opportunities; and

  • Supporting new mobility management and coordination programs among public transportation providers and other human services agencies providing transportation, including but not limited to:

    The promotion, enhancement, and facilitation of access to transportation services, including the integration and coordination of services for individuals with disabilities, older adults, and low-income individuals;

    Support for short-term management activities to plan and implement coordinated services;

    Operation of transportation brokerages to coordinate providers, funding agencies, and customers;

    Provision of coordination services, including employer-oriented Transportation Management Organizations and Human Service Organizations customer-oriented travel navigator systems and neighborhood travel coordination activities such as coordinating individualized travel training and trip planning activities;

    Development and operation of one-stop transportation traveler call centers to coordinate transportation information on all travel modes and to manage eligibility requirements and arrangements for customers among supporting programs; and

    Operational planning for the acquisition of intelligent transportation technologies to help plan and operate coordinated systems inclusive of GIS mapping, Global Positioning System technology, coordinated vehicle scheduling, dispatching, and monitoring technologies as well as technologies to track costs and billing in a coordinated system and single smart customer payment systems.

 Matching Requirements

Job Access/Reverse Commute funds may be used to finance capital, planning, and operating expenses. Federal match requirements are determined according to the type of expenditure funded:

For capital and planning expenses, JA/RC funds may provide up to 80 percent of the cost of the project.

For operating expenses, JA/RC funds may provide up to 50 percent of the project’s net operating cost.

The local share must be provided from sources other than federal Department of Transportation (DOT) funds. Some examples of sources of local match which may be used for any or all of the local share required include, but are not limited to State or local appropriates; other non-DOT federal funds; dedicated tax revenues; private donations; revenue from human service contracts; and net income generated from advertising and concessions.

Other federal, non-DOT funds may be used for local match when transportation is an allowable expense under the given program. Examples of types of programs that are potential sources of local match include, but are not limited to employment training; aging; community services; vocational rehabilitation services; and Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF). To be eligible for local match for FTA funds, the other non-DOT federal funds must be used for activities included in the total net project costs of the FTA grant. Expenditures of other federal funds for transportation outside of the scope of the project cannot be applied as a credit for local match in the FTA grant.

Local match may also be derived from other federal funds that are eligible to be expended for transportation, other than Department of Transportation (DOT) programs. Examples include, but are not limited to, Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), Medicaid, Employment Training, Rehabilitation Service, and Administration on Aging.

 Planning Requirements

Projects selected for funding under the Job Access/Reverse Commute Program must be derived from a locally developed, coordinated public transit-human services transportation plan. The regional coordination plan, Access North Texas, identifies region-wide and county-wide strategies to address transportation needs. Project submittals must be consistent with strategies identified through the Access North Texas Plan. The complete plan can be found at

 Other Requirements

The basic grant management requirements for States and local governments are contained in the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) regulations, “Uniform Administrative Requirements for Grants and Cooperative Agreements to State and Local Governments,” 49 CFR Part 18. The comparable DOT rule for private non-profit organizations is “Uniform Administrative Requirements for Grants and Agreements with Institutions of Higher Education, Hospitals, and Other Non-Profit Organizations,” 49 CFR Part 19.

Other federal requirements, such as those related to Civil Rights, Disadvantaged Business Enterprise (DBE), Buy America, School Transportation, Lobbying, and Drug and Alcohol Testing apply to JA/RC funded projects. This includes Labor protections required under Title 49 U.S.C. 5333(b).



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